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Notes over ENSO have been added to unit 10

Unit 11: Energy & Sustainable Solutions


Chapter 19 (pg. 541-568)
Chapter 20 (pg. 573-598)
Chapter 21 (pg. 603-625)

Goals: Fossil Fuels

  • Compare renewable and nonrenewable resources
  • Explain the major ways that energy is used in our society
  • Identify the types of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, oil, oil sands, oil shale & methane hydrate)
  • Describe the nature and origin of the various types of fossil fuels
  • Compare the types of coal
  • Evaluate the extraction of various types of fossil fuels
  • Describe strip mining, subsurface mining, and mountaintop removal
  • Explain how a coal powered electricity plant works
  • Outline and assess the environmental impacts of fossil fuel use
  • Evaluate political, social, and economics impacts of fossil fuels use
  • Specify strategies for conserving energy and enhancing efficiency
  • Explain and evaluate Peak Oil

Goals: Traditional Renewable Resources

  • Discuss the reasons for seeking alternatives to fossil fuels
  • Summarize the contribution to world energy supplies of conventional alternatives to fossil fuels
  • Describe how nuclear energy is created and how a nuclear power plant runs
  • Outline the societal debate over nuclear power
  • Evaluate various solutions to disposing of nuclear waste, including the design of Yucca Mountain
  • Describe the major sources, scale, and impacts of biomass energy
  • Describe the scale, methods, and impacts of hydroelectric power

Goals: New Renewable Resources

  • Outline the major sources of renewable energy and asses their potential for growth
  • Describe new renewable energy resources that are currently being explored (solar, wind, geothermal, oceans, hydrogen)
  • Describe how new renewable energy (see above) are being harvested
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each types of energy

Goals: Sustainable Solutions

  • List and describe the approaches being taken to promote sustainability
  • Explain the concept of sustainable development
  • Discuss how protecting the environment can be compatible with promoting economic welfare


  • Convert between various forms of energy
  • Calculate an isotopes half life


Carbon Footprint

Nature Conservancy Carbon Footprint
One Minute Calculator
Carbon Footprint Ltd
EPA Emissions Calculator
Are you an environmentally friendly CEO?

Fossil Fuels

energy calculator
Peak Oil Clock
Big Bang of Fossil Fuels
Fossil Fuel Formation
How a Coal Plant Works
Peak Oil 1
Peak Oil 2
John Stewart's Take on Energy
What the Frack Video
School Run Video
Plastic to Oil?
Oil Sands Article


How To Change a Light Bulb

Nuclear Power

Inside Fukashima

Renewable Energy

Soda Can Passive Solar Heater
Big Energy Debate
Geothermal Energy Animation
Tidal Energy Animation
Wave Energy Animation
Energy from BioGas (Anaerobic Digester)
Wind Map
Light from a Soda Bottle